When looking at ingredients it is important to understand more than just the key ingredients. Typically key ingredients make up a small percentage of the total product. It is also important to know that even 0.02% of an ingredient like fragrance can make a huge difference in how your skin reacts. At X FORMULATIONS we want our customers and estheticians to understand ALL ingredients, why they were chosen to be in a product and what their function is. Look below for an ingredient cheat sheet. 


Hyaluronic Acid: Naturally occurs in the body but depletes as we age. “HA” can hold 1,000x it’s own weight in water, retaining moisture in the skin for long periods of time. Note TOO MUCH HA in a product can make a product separate or not penetrate the skin as effectively. 

Glycerin: Humectant. Water Binding. Typically, one of the highest percentage ingredients in a product. Note TOO MUCH glycerin can leave dryer skin types feeling that it does not penetrate deep enough into the skin. 

Tocopherol: Vitamin E, healing and repairs outer most layer of your skin.

Lactic Acid: Anti-aging, boosts collagen and brightens the skin by lightly exfoliating. Note, this ingredient is great in high percentages for anti-aging chemical peels. 

Tri-Peptide 5: Three amino acids attached to eachother. Anti-aging. Boosts collagen. Improves skins texture. Helps reduce pore size.

Ceramides: Anti Aging. Reparative. Lipids that help form the skin's barrier and help skin retain moisture. Helps protect against environmental aggressors.

Sodium PCA: Increase water content of top layers. A derivative of naturally occurring amino acid proline; it is used as a conditioning agent.

Musa Sapientum (banana extract): XF FAVORITE. Antioxidant, protects your skin from environmental aggressors. Repairs first layer of skin and natural organic preservative.

Phenthyl Alcohol: Organic Preservative, Score 1

Oat Amino Acids: a blend of various amino acids derived by hydrolysis of oat proteins. Retains moisture and repairs damaged skin.

Sulfonate: not to be confused with sulfates, this is a gentle organic detergent.

Citric Acid: An AHA that exfoliates and brightens the skin; by dissolving dead skin skin.

Cucumber Water: soothes and removes toxins.

Sodium Citrate: Natural preservative.

Apple Amino Acids: Foaming anionic surfactant obtained by acylation of amino acids characteristic of apple juice. Functions as a skin conditioner and secondary surfactant.

Panthenol: is a byproduct of pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5). It helps strengthen hair, retain moisture, and improves the texture of damaged skin.

Caprylyhroxamic Acid: amino acid that is used as a preservative, but it also slows down the growth of mold. In some cases, CHA has been used as a substitute for parabens in skin care products.

Bambusa Arundinacea Stem Extract: Bamboo extract is a great natural moisturizer which soothes skin while helping it hydrate.

Stearyl Sterate: A plant-based wax prepared with natural fatty acids combined with synthetic fatty alcohols. Functions as an emollient, occlusive, skin-conditioning agent, and texture enhancer.

Xanthan Gum: organic. helps with product thickness.

Cetearyl Olivate: softens and moisturizes the skin.

Tea tree leaf oil: antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory. Helps redness, acne scars and inflamed skin.

 Crosspolymer: Thickening and texture agent.

 Sclerotium Gum: thickening agent. Natural moisturizer.

 Pullulan: provides an oxygen barrier, excellent moisture retention, and also it prevents fungal growth.

Aloe: Soothing.Contains enzymes, antioxidants, vitamins A and C which can treat burns, acne, dry skin and many other skin issues. Anti-inflammatory.

Propendoil: Humectant and emollient.

Vitamin C: natural antioxidant helps reduce hyperpigmentation.

L Asrobic Acid: Pure form of vitamin c. Antioxidant. Reduces hyperpigmentation. 

Gycolic: aha. Exfoliating. Brightening. Always start 2-3x a week before daily use.

Mandelic: Anti bacterial. Anti fungal. Brightening. Always start 3-4x a week before daily use.

Retinol: Helps cell turnover and boosts collagen. Always start 1-2x a week, before daily use.